History and Theory of Archaeology - Concepts
You should be able not only to explain these terms, but also to use them. For example, after reading about some behavior, you should be able to propose an "etic" or an "emic" explanation for it; or after reading part of an article, you should be able to discuss whether it comes from a materialist viewpoint or a postmodernist one.
history vs. prehistory
What is archaeology?
Very generally, how did archaeology begin and develop into what it is today?
Nabonidus, Boucher de Perthes, Alfred Kidder, Lewis Binford, others mentioned in Thomas
What is anthropology?
What is an "anthropological approach" to studying people and societies?
Very generally, what are some different views on what we mean by "culture"?
historical science (vs. "normal", predictive science, vs. history)
What are some reasons why people do (or support) archaeology?
postmodernism, or postmodern interpretivism
structure (social structure, sociocultural structure, socioeconomic structure...)
ideology, superstructure, or ideological superstructure