History and Theory of Archaeology - Concepts

You should be able not only to explain these terms, but also to use them. For example, after reading about some behavior, you should be able to propose an "etic" or an "emic" explanation for it; or after reading part of an article, you should be able to discuss whether it comes from a materialist viewpoint or a postmodernist one.

A.D./B.C.

C.E./B.C.E

B.P.

history vs. prehistory

What is archaeology?

Very generally, how did archaeology begin and develop into what it is today?

Nabonidus, Boucher de Perthes, Alfred Kidder, Lewis Binford, others mentioned in Thomas

antiquarianism

catastrophism

uniformitarianism

Conjunctive approach

New Archaeology

What is anthropology?

What is an "anthropological approach" to studying people and societies?

Very generally, what are some different views on what we mean by "culture"?

emic approach

etic approach

adaptive approach

ideational approach

generalizing approach

particularizing approach

scientific approach

humanistic approach

scientific method

historical science (vs. "normal", predictive science, vs. history)

synchronic

diachronic

culture history

low-level theory

middle-range theory

high-level theory

What are some reasons why people do (or support) archaeology?

cultural materialism

modernism

postmodernism, or postmodern interpretivism

infrastructure

structure (social structure, sociocultural structure, socioeconomic structure...)

ideology, superstructure, or ideological superstructure

processual archaeology

postprocessual archaeology

cultural evolutionism

meme