Cuneiform writing on a clay tablet
The Emergence of Civilizations
Anthropology 341 - Sonoma State University - Spring 2004
Taught by Dr. Bruce Owen
New items added on May 12
This is a PREVIOUS SEMESTER'S website
Some items are obsolete or no longer available.
Click here for SSU's list of current class web pages
Click here for Bruce Owen's general web page, including old class pages

Click for class notes Click for handouts Click for links to archaeology sites

What's posted here?

  • The Lecture Notes that I use for each class session. Some people print them before class and add their own notes, rather than trying to write everything down. The notes are useful study aids and sources for written assignments, but they may not be completely intelligible if you are not already familiar with the material. They are no substitute for studying the assigned readings and attending class. I will add additional items every week or so.

  • Assignment information, the syllabus, study guides, and other papers you will need are on the Handouts List below.

  • Finally, there are links to other web pages about some of the sites and civilizations featured in this class. Looking at these is completely optional, but they are highly recommended and fun.

The easy way to view and print lecture notes

Go to the Lecture Notes List below. Click on the "View" option for the lecture notes you want. You will see the notes on screen and can print them. This method may create an excessive number of printed pages, depending on your browser and settings.

The better but harder way to view and print lecture notes

Go to the Lecture Notes List below. Click on the "Word 6.0" option to download the lecture notes you want as a Microsoft Word 6.0 file. This method allows you to print the notes in a more compact format, and to take advantage of the outlining features of Microsoft Word. However, it requires more steps and more computer knowledge on your part.

Some browsers will display the Word file directly, and allow you to print it. Others may give you a message offering two choices: get additional "plug-in" software to handle this format, or save the file on disk without viewing it. Click on the option to save the file. Note the full directory path and filename, so you can find the file later. After the file is downloaded to your computer, find it and double-click it or drag and drop it onto your word processor icon to open, view, and print the file. Some word processors, like WordPerfect, may add numbered headings or blank lines; you may want to adjust the format before printing.

The Word 6.0 versions of the lecture notes are outlines. You can put Word in "outline" view and "collapse" the levels of the outlines to help you see the overall organization of the material. Then "expand" the levels to see the details under each heading. To print the outlines correctly, switch to "Normal" or "Page Layout" view before printing.

No viruses

Everything on this site has been scanned for viruses (including macro viruses) and is clean to the best of my knowledge.

So why come to lectures?

First, the lectures are illustrated with many images of sites and artifacts; pictures make things seem more real. Second, hearing me explain things might be easier than reading them, especially in the telegraphic format of the lecture notes. Third, numerous studies show that you remember things better if you get the information in various different ways, like reading, hearing, and seeing. Fourth, you can ask questions, and listen as others ask questions that you might not have thought of. Finally, I fill in details, explain arguments, and highlight the important points, which should make it easier to see the big picture rather than getting lost in the details.

Lecture Notes List

Click on the Lecture Notes that you want to download. If you have been here before, press your browser's "reload" button and scroll down to see the latest additions.

"Slides" are the pictures and text you see in class, as Powerpoint files. They do not include all the information in the notes. You need a user ID and password to see them. Recent browsers on Windows PCs open the files automatically with Powerpoint, or display them in a separate browser window that you navigate with PageUp, PageDown, RightArrow, LeftArrow, Home, End, and the scroll bar. Close the window to quit. Macintosh browsers download the file. Double-click the file to open it with Powerpoint. Some files are large and may take many minutes to download by telephone modem. If your computer does not have Powerpoint, download the free Powerpoint viewer for Windows or for Macintosh.

Handout List

Click on the Handout that you want. If you have been here before, press your browser's "reload" button to see the latest additions.

  • Syllabus: The Emergence of Civilizations, Anthropology 341, Spring 2004 {View} {Word 6.0}

  • What plagiarism is and how to avoid it {View} {Word 6.0}

  • How radiocarbon dating works {View} {Word 6.0}

  • Key to numbered comments on papers and tests {View} {Word 6.0}

  • Essay #1 assignment info (due Tuesday, March 9) {View} {Word 6.0}

  • Midterm study guide {View} {Word 6.0}

    Below are two of the numerous good essays submitted so far. Both happen to have references to additional material, but this is purely coincidental. Other papers with equally high scores did not.

  • Example essay 1 {Word 6.0}

  • Example essay 2 {Word 6.0}

  • Essay #2 assignment info (due Thursday, April 22) {View} {Word 6.0}

  • Essay #3 assignment info (due Thursday, May 20) {View} {Word 6.0}

  • Final exam study guide {View} {Word 6.0}

Sites and Civilizations

Interesting, illustrated, easy, optional... check these out. If you have been here before, press your browser's "reload" button to see the latest additions.

Take a break and do something different!

I guarantee that you will have fun visiting this place. This is not virtual, it is real. You will have to drive, but it is well worth it. The archaeological parts are great, and the setting is a cultural experience.

A Tumilaca pottery motif The Emergence of Civilizations by Bruce Owen
Copyright (c) 2004, Bruce Owen. All rights reserved.
Please send comments on content and presentation to
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Revised: 14 January 2006